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How Cryptocurrency is Supposed to Work in the Future?

by | May 3, 2022 | Technology




Economics can sometimes be boring, but accept it or not our life depends on it. And the economy rests on one key concept called money. Money defines social status and power, it can also compromise morals and some people even kill for it. In short, most people spend their lives chasing these now pieces of paper.

The central bank creates money and its value is determined by trust in governing bodies, ex: the government. The principles of banking have been the same for centuries and revolve around how to create money. It started when banks stored gold for investors, then they realized it was unlikely everyone would claim their gold back at the same time.

So they began to loan some of this gold to other people and earn money through interest. This started to power economies by allowing deposits to fuel new business and trade. As banks became established and governments had control, they realized that as long as there was trust in the system there is no need to carry gold and other precious metal.

Hence, the system moves toward something even more convenient like paper money. It has value because the government says it has value. Notes are like a receipt of proof that you own a certain amount of money. But as technologies improved, we found even more convenient ways of storing and trading the stuff.

People now more than ever buy things with credit cards and at this stage, we don’t see money anymore, it’s just numbered on a screen. Nowadays, most money is digital. Commercial banks can create money and are largely controlled by central banks which set interest rates. Banks and governments are the engines of the modern economy. But there is no transparency in the way they work.

However, today we are talking about new types of currency like Bitcoin, Dogecoin, Ethereum, etc… Everyone is talking about cryptocurrencies and is investing in them. Many of you have already heard of bitcoin which is the leading cryptocurrency. It is a fully digital currency with no government to issue it and no banks to manage it and verify transactions.

How does cryptocurrency work?

Cryptocurrency is seen by many people as the most convenient era of exchange ever. It is digital money, there is no gold or paper. It is just the transfer of digital assets over the internet. The core concept is the same as we use to exchange money but instead of multiple banks keeping their own separate records, cryptocurrency is one enormous ledger of every transaction.

What makes it special is that its value is not based on trust but transparency of the system. There are no intermediaries.

Picture this, if you wanted to remove the bank from a system who else would you trust to keep those records and not alter them or cheat. You wouldn’t trust anyone, but you might trust everyone. Instead of a central governing body like a bank and government controlling everything, the ledger is controlled by everybody who has access to the system.

The system is decentralized and everybody can see each transaction. Decentralized means that every transaction of a given digital currency is recorded on the same ledger, there are many copies of that ledger and anyone who is a part of the network can see it and cannot be altered once registered. And all this is possible using blockchain technology.

The blockchain, also known as the public ledger, is the source of the transactions. And a transaction in the ledger is irreversible. Unlike normal currencies, cryptocurrencies are programmed to be transparent and secure. A shared ledger records all transactions in the background. Its revolutionary feature is that it is cheaper to send and receive value and less prone to inflation.

Essentially, cryptocurrency works as a peer-to-peer payment system. Your public address and private key are connected and encrypted. When you create an account on the crypto network, your wallet is linked to two unique keys: a private key and a public key. The private key also known as the signing key enables other people to verify signatures.

So let’s say I want to send bitcoins to someone. I sign that message using my private key, which only I have access to and nobody else can replicate. Then, I send that signed message out to the bitcoin network and everyone can use my public key to make sure it is my signature. So, if the public key works, that’s proof that the transaction was signed by my private key. That way, everyone who keeps track of all the bitcoin trading knows my transaction in the blockchain.

The biggest benefit of working with cryptocurrency is its transparency. It is a system of coins and its code defines the supply of each coin. This helps determine its inflation or deflationary value. While this might seem like a complicated process, it makes the process of using digital currencies easier and more transparent than ever.

The best part about cryptocurrency is that it is incredibly secure, unlike traditional currencies. The system itself is decentralized, meaning that there are no central authorities or banks that will interfere, get hacked or be corrupted. It uses strong cryptography to make financial transactions more secure. By using strong encryption, the system controls the creation of additional units and verifies asset transfers.

Bitcoin is created by miners who create blocks on the blockchain. The network’s blockchain records every transaction. Each block contains a hash number that links the previous and next blocks. No one can edit the data on the blockchain and if anyone tries, they’ll have their transaction invalidated.

When you send or receive cryptocurrency, you’re not only protected against fraudulent transactions but also against tampering and hacking. The ledger is distributed to different computers in the system. If someone tries to hack the system it needs to hack all the computers at the same time which is kind of impossible.

In addition to being incredibly secure and transparent, cryptocurrency transactions are also fast. Unlike banks, these currencies powered by blockchain don’t charge users. This means that cryptocurrencies have a distinct advantage over traditional systems. Since there are no middlemen, transaction costs are down to zero.

How does cryptocurrency get its value?

If you’re wondering how cryptocurrencies get their value, it’s important to know how fiat currencies operate. While fiat currencies aren’t backed by anything tangible, their value is due to the society that created them. For example, a $20 bill is worth twenty dollars worth of goods or time. It has no intrinsic value, while a Bitcoin for example can be worth as much as twenty dollars’ worth of goods.

Also, Bitcoin’s limited supply contributes to its value, as it limits production is only 21 million coins. In 2021, the price of a single bitcoin reached more than $60,000 and the market value of all cryptocurrencies reached a staggering $2.5trn. Bitcoin has traditionally traded in an open market similar to the stock market.

market performance graph of  crypto currencystock on a screen
Photo by Jeremy Bezanger on Unsplash

Trading platforms exist in exchanges, with slight price variations. Bitcoin’s overall market value is the last price at which a transaction occurred. However, the value of a bitcoin depends on how much an investor wants to spend on it. Another method of determining the value of a cryptocurrency is mining.

The technology behind Bitcoin, as well as many other cryptocurrencies, relies on blockchain technology. Incentives are issued to people who successfully mine blocks of recent transactions. This involves a computer running a complex math problem to solve a particular puzzle. The person or company that solves the puzzle is rewarded with a new bitcoin, which can then be sold in the market.

Unlike fiat currencies, cryptocurrencies are more portable. Among other benefits of using digital currencies, they can help to spread economic freedom around the globe. The fact that they are borderless means that they can facilitate free trade in countries where governments are very strict about currency regulation. Furthermore, a digital currency is a valuable alternative to a failing fiat currency. They can also be part of a broader investment strategy.

Challenges of implementing cryptocurrency in the economy

Although cryptocurrency has made a big jump in the last eight years, it still has a long way to go before it becomes a common payment method. Despite being in their infancy, they are already generating much controversy. There are issues with their legal and accounting treatment.

The rapid rise of cryptocurrencies has forced governments to address the challenges associated with their regulation, but drafting rules for the new industry could take years. Regulators from different countries have varying opinions on the topic, with some banning the use of cryptocurrencies while others embracing them.

While the technology behind cryptocurrencies is promising, the lack of consumer protections and regulations creates a number of potential security threats. For example, federal deposit insurance may not cover the value of a cryptocurrency. This can result in money theft and loss.

A lack of regulation can also lead to a lack of consumer protection and the rise of fraudulent token sales can create a risk of theft. To address these challenges, the crypto industry is exploring solutions such as the use of artificial intelligence (AI). However, until regulations are established, the crypto industry will be associated with criminal activity, so establishing clear guidelines is necessary to maintain a level playing field for the industry.

Local leaders should learn about cryptocurrency and its operations before promoting it. They should assess their technological capabilities and state regulations. They should also consider the role of city councils in decision-making since they typically deal with city financial matters. Finally, local leaders should examine the fundamental characteristics of cryptocurrency.

The most prominent digital currency project is likely to be well-established in the market. A successful project will publish metrics about its transactions and a white paper describing how it will work. The leader of the project will be identifiable and there will be significant investors in its future.

The more detail provided in the prospectus, the more likely it is to be a legitimate currency. Eventually, cryptocurrency will be used for transactions, including online payments. However, drafting this legislation may be extremely hard. It is important to consider how the technology will be used in the community and whether it will be a desirable investment in the future.

Demand for a cryptocurrency is affected by a variety of factors, including its usefulness in a particular field. It must be easy to transfer money with it, have low fees and be widely accepted as an exchange medium. Lack of awareness of the benefits of blockchain technology is also holding the industry down.

In addition, as more people adopt cryptocurrency as an investment, its usability increases. Demand also increases with its availability, as does its value as a store of value. These factors also determine how much a coin can survive market crises. Critics point to the price of bitcoin as a prime example of the hype surrounding the space.

As the price of bitcoin increases, this means that there are unfounded expectations that aren’t supported by reality. However, technology is still in the early stages of development, and there’s more to come. And despite its current challenges, the digital currency industry is on the right track. It will continue to grow thanks to the power of blockchain technology and web 3.0.

There’s still a long way before it becomes fully functional and widely accepted in mainstream society. As the technology for cryptocurrencies progresses, they may become legal substitutes for fiat money in the future. Governments may adopt crypto regulation but it’s not clear how successful that will be. Ultimately, cryptocurrency regulation will likely lead to increased adoption of the technology.